According to studies, lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative scoliosis typically affect those people aged 60 and older. But aside from the elderly, younger people may also experience such conditions, especially those who have developmental issues.
What Is Lumbar Spinal Stenosis?
Lumbar spinal stenosis is characterized by the narrowing of the spinal canal which compresses the nerves that travel through the lower back and into the legs. Often, this narrowing of the spinal canal causes nerve inflammation, which then results in weakness, pain, and numbness, depending on the extent of the damage.
What Is Degenerative Scoliosis?
Degenerative scoliosis is the curvature of the spine which typically occurs in the lower back. Patients with this condition experience lower back pain especially during or after an intense physical activity. In most cases, the curvature is minor, so there’s no need for surgery unless other more conservative methods fail to relieve lower back pain.
What Treatment Methods Are Available for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis and Scoliosis?
The highly skilled surgeons of Integrated Pain Centers use minimally invasive surgical treatments to address spine problems. The recommended approaches are as follows:
Decompressive Laminectomy – this is one of the most common surgeries performed in the lumbar spine (lower back). In this procedure, parts of the vertebrae are removed so that there will be more space for the nerves. As a result, pressure on the spinal cord is relieved, and this allows patients to resume normal physical activities.
Spinal Fusion – this is a lengthy and more complex procedure that is typically performed during decompressive laminectomy surgery. The purpose of this approach is to keep the spine stable, especially when scoliosis happens with spinal stenosis. Hooks, rods, screws or wires are attached to the part of the backbone that has curved so that the spine will be straightened.
Laparoscopic Spinal Fusion – this is a less invasive procedure where smaller incisions are made in the abdomen, so that a graft can be placed into the disc space. To ensure accurate incision and placement of the graft, advanced X-ray imaging and endoscopy are used. That way also, tissue trauma can be minimized, and recovery time is reduced as well.
Endoscopic Discectomy – this is another minimally invasive procedure that’s performed using a very small incision. In this procedure, a small tube is inserted between the muscle fibers so that microscopes and other special instruments can be used to create some kind of window in the bone. The nerves are moved to the side so that the disc material that is compressing the nerve will be taken out.
At Integrated Pain Centers, every spine surgery is aimed at relieving as many symptoms of spinal stenosis and degenerative scoliosis as possible. Their medical team will discuss with you all surgical and even non-surgical options to help you decide what treatment plan will best work for you.